What Is Pronation?
When a foot is severely “pronated,” it means its arches have fallen and the foot is flat. Flat feet are less shock-absorbent, and make for a less stable “base” for everything above—the bones, muscles, ligaments and tendons of the entire body. They can also:
- Shift the entire body out of alignment
- Cause aches and pains in the feet, knees, hips, neck and/or spine
- Lead to injury and problems like shin splints, Achilles tendinitis and plantar fasciitis
- Women with flat feet are 50% more likely than those without to have low back pain
- Up to 1/3 of people suffer from flat feet
Causes of Pronation
The connective tissue, called the plantar fascia, on the underside of the foot is critical to maintaining the foot’s healthy arched shape. Injury and certain health conditions can cause the fascia to stretch out and flatten, but so can everyday, ongoing stressors like walking and standing. Once the fascia stretches out, it is unable to “spring back.” With the foot structure flattened, the body’s very foundation is in trouble.
- Extremity adjusting to ensure proper positioning of bones and joints
- Functional orthotics in every pair of shoes for pronation control, support and comfort
- Rolling feet on a tennis ball to help soften foot musculature and connective tissue